The heat pump is a vital component in the operation of your HVAC system. Some people, because of the name, mistakenly think that heat pump is only responsible for the heating processes in your home. In reality, it is equally important when it comes to running your air conditioner. This article will give you a basic explanation of how a heat pump works and give you a few simple tips to make sure your heat pump is working as well as possible.
How a Heat Pump Works
The heat pump is the large appliance located on the outside of your house. It is often called a condenser unit, and some people even call it simply the air conditioner. The heat pump, to put it as basically as possible, pulls warm air out of your house. It is not only part of air circulation; it is also responsible for the flow of cooled and heated gases through your refrigerant lines. That is, the pump does a few very important task. When it comes to maintaining your heat pump, you should probably not mess with refrigerant lines yourself. Refrigerant needs to have proper pressure and calibration and should only be serviced by a licensed technician.
Cleaning the Evaporating Systems
An equally important part of the heat pump is the evaporation unit or coils. Evaporation is built directly into the heat pump. You can see these coils that line the outside of the pump cylinder. These large sheets have thin metal rows. The space between each metal row can get dirty, slowing down the evaporation process. If you have dirt and leaves around the outside of your house, they can get blown into the evaporator coils and cause problems.
Cleaning the coils is very easy, as long as you have a hose. Usually, just washing them out with a little bit of water pressure will get rid of most of the dirt. However, if you have stubborn dirt that won't come off that easily, you can use some coil cleaning solution. Basically, you spray this onto the coils, let it soak in for a bit, and then spray it out with water.
Covering the Pump
In addition to cleaning your coils on a regular basis, it is also smart to cover your heat pump whenever it won't be in use for an extended period of time. For instance, if you don't plan on running your heat or AC for the month, cover your heat pump to protect it from the elements. This will keep the evaporator coil cleaner, and ensure they are working efficiently.
For more information on heat pumps and how to keep your HVAC system working properly, contact an air conditioner installation technician in your area.